Choosing a motherboard:
Motherboard plays a vital role in the set-up of the CPU (Central Processing Unit) as it initiates all the necessary commands that reaches the external devices of the system. It is also known to be the Controller of the system. Motherboard plays a paramount role in determining which processors are supported. Video adaptors are best suitable and also helps in determining the speed of communication parts.
It holds, and allows, communication between many of the crucial electronic components of a system, such as the CPU, memory and helps in providing connection to all vital parts.
After a straight knowledge on the motherboard, it is necessary to know that with the responsibility to choose the right motherboard. It follows many other decisions to be taken. Firstly it is recommended to choose a CPU first , which provides which socket will fit. And later buying the motherboard may be simpler. There are many other parts to be kept in mind after buying the CPU. The basic yet the most important parts of the CPU is the motherboard which consists of various parts as the types of Processor Sockets, the Chipset and primarily the form factor of the motherboard.
1. Form Factor:
- In very simple terms it defines the physical size with mounting holes that determine which size of the motherboard will be appropriate enough to fit in.
- Thus it is very important to firstly have decided on the type of CPU which could hold the best and latest version of the motherboard.
- The i3 of intel is the slowest of the lot whereas i7 and i9 are the fastest. For normal productivity and home use, the i5 is the ideal one. However, if you work extensively on computers and are a gaming addict, you should opt for the i7 or the i9 processors.
2. PROCESSOR SOCKET TYPE:
The modern-day Processors connect the motherboard via the processor socket.
- The processor has an array of 100 pins that fit into the maturing holes on the processor socket.
- It provides mechanical and electronic connections between the microprocessor and the printed circuit board.
- This basically holds the CPU without soldering it.
- Most of the current processor sockets use a ZIF lever (zero insertion force) to secure the life and safe placing and replacing it.
- These levers are normally visible on the right edge of the socket.
- They are of various different types which are based on what generation CPU is supported.
- The LGA1151 socket for Intel is supported in the 6th, 7th,8th and 9th generation CPUs.
- It is necessary to know that the socket can’t be swapped out. It will require a new motherboard replacement to take advantage of another interface.
These listings are the best-used Processor sockets:
As listed above – LGA1150, LGA1151 and LGA11557.
- The Chipset is known as the administrative assistant to the process. It basically handles what goes in and what comes out.
- It is a group of interdependent motherboard chips or integrated circuits that controls the flow of the data between the CPU and other external devices. The Chipset controls external buses and memory caches.
- It basically takes care of the auxiliary functions that make it possible for it to compute. The CPU is unable to work or function effectively without the impeccable chipset timing.
- It is also the data flow management of the system. Because all the data is transmitted from the internal to the external parts and the vice-versa through the Chipset.
- It is located under the System Devices category in the device manager. The Chipset/CPU Processor sockets define the right kind of Processor which can be installed.
The best listings of the Chipset are below :
- LGA 2066X299Kaby Lake-X
- Cascade Lake-X
- Cascade Lake-W
- LGA 1151B360, Q370, H310, H370, and Z370Coffee Lake
- LGA 1151H110, B150, Q150, H170, Q170, Z170 B250, Q250, H270, Q270, and Z270Kaby Lake
- LGA 1150H81, B85, Q85, Q87, H87, Z87, H97, and Z97Broadwell